Why you should know the importance of biodiversity
Here’s your guide to environmental buzzwords and their meaning.
It’s not always easy to keep up with expressions and concepts when speaking of climate change and the environment. Therefore, we’re presenting a new buzzword each week with the aim of simplifying scientist talk. Last week we wrote about the Anthropocene as the new geological epoch. Next up is biodiversity.
Biodiversity, or biological diversity, is: «The variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a particular habitat, a high level of which is usually considered to be important and desirable».
Rainforests and coral reefs actually have the highest biodiversity in the world. Did you know that we rely on biodiversity to exist? Each species plays an important role in the ecosystem. But many species are becoming extinct at a faster pace than ever before, and we’re now speaking of a sixth mass extinction. The five previous ones, including the dinosaurs, happened millions of years ago due to e.g volcano eruptions, meteorites, deep ice ages, and so on.
Why is it important to us? Because biological diversity plays a crucial role in the ecosystems ability to cope with change and disturbances. It basically spreads the risk, and increases the resilience of the ecosystem, which is the buzzword for next weeks article.